Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique identification number. The Government of India issued Aadhar to every Citizen who is a resident of India. It is an essential identification document in India. UIDAI (Unique Identification Authority of India) has the responsibility to issue Aadhar Card to every citizen of India. While verifying details of every individual such as biometric (fingerprints and iris scan) and demographic data.
UIDAI works under Planning Commission of India. The Planning Commission is responsible for managing and functioning of Aadhar Card.
The Aadhar Project was started for having a single & unique identification document. It would capture all the details of an individual in a government database. Hence it doesn’t mean to replace all existing identification documents like Pan card, Voter ID & Driving License etc. In addition, now Aadhar Card number is used as a single identification document. Many Financial Institutions, Banks, Telecom Companies and also other business use Aadhar to verify the KYC (Know-your-customer) norms.
Following are the areas where Aadhar is mandatory:
- Proof of Identity
- For Government Subsidies
- While Verifying electoral roles
- To open Bank Accounts
- While applying for Passport or PAN
- In Provident Fund
- For Digital Payments
- While Filing Income Tax Returns